Occupational therapy (OT) is a therapeutic treatment designed to help people who struggle with everyday activities. Specifically for kids, Occupational Therapy can help children with cognitive, sensory integration or developmental delays achieve independence in their daily routines. These daily activities include writing, typing, tying shoelaces and zipping a jacket.
An Occupational Therapist will first conduct an initial evaluation to determine if there are any external barriers causing his performance deficit. After which, he may focus on the following performance areas to improve self-care performance.
This is a self-regulating skill which helps us plan, organise and control our thoughts and actions. Children with poor executive functioning often become overwhelmed by simple chores such as dressing up. An Occupational Therapist may use visual timers or checklists to improve organisational skills, task initiation and time management.
To improve a child’s sensory integration, an Occupational Therapist may design play activities or Sensory Diets to change the way the brain reacts to sounds, sight, touch, smell and taste. The key here is to be consistent and repetitive so that the child’s brain becomes more self-aware of his sensory inputs.